Find out more about diversified investment alternatives

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What are Diversified Investment Alternatives?

They are sets of investment funds selected on the basis of different levels of risk or volatility. Each alternative consists of funds investing in different asset classes and markets.

Why diversify?

To reduce the risk of your investment. Each alternative consists of funds that behave differently in different market situations, looking to balance return and risk,  so that the return does not just depend on the performance of a single asset.

What is the relationship between risk and return?

Normally, the greater the risk the greater the return and vice versa. Strategies that are riskier have more pronounced upward and downward movements, and those that can be considered "safer" potentially offer lower returns but also lower losses. Diversification reduces the risk while maintaining an adequate expected return.

What is volatility or risk?

It is a variable that measures the frequency and intensity of changes in the price of an asset or in the financial markets. This variable quantifies risk over a certain time interval.

¿Qué es la caída máxima de un fondo de inversión?

La caída máxima (Maximum drawdown, en inglés) marca la pérdida máxima que el valor de un fondo de inversión puede sufrir en un determinado periodo de tiempo. Es decir, es la que se registra desde un máximo inicial (“pico”) hasta un mínimo (“valle”), siendo el tiempo de recuperación el que transcurre hasta que el valor del fondo supera el máximo inicial.

Gráfico Caída máxima

 

What is an asset class?

It is a way of grouping instruments based on their characteristics and behaviour. At Openbank we show you these asset classes:

  • Liquidity and monetary assets.

  • Fixed income, comprised mainly of bonds.

  • Equity, composed mainly of shares listed on the stock exchange.

  • Real assets that are linked to the real economy and that  provide greater diversification (real estate assets, bonds linked to inflation, raw materials and infrastructure).

How to choose between active and passive funds

There are many differences between passive management funds and active management funds but one of the main ones is the cost to the investor: passive management funds have lower costs than active management funds. This lower cost does not imply that, with the same strategy, they offer a higher return.

So that you can make a decision, let us tell you why this cost difference between the two management types exists:

  • Passive management costs: these are low because passive management funds replicate indexes and, using different techniques, this form of management can be cheap for the fund manager. For an investor it would difficult to create a diversified portfolio like that of an index and still have the low costs of a passive management fund.

  • Active management costs: active management funds try to beat their benchmark indexes, achieving a risk-adjusted long-term return, and to do this the managers must analyse the financial markets, build a vision of the future, bet actively against the indexes, etc., to try to anticipate the behaviour of the markets, exploit their inefficiencies and, thus, achieve a greater return.

When comparing the results of some funds with others, keep in mind that:

  • Passive management makes sense as a way to obtain the market beta (sensitivity to the movements in the benchmark index; for alternative, beta 1 means behaving like the indexes).

  • Active management makes sense as a way of obtaining a positive alpha (extra return between a fund and its index). Therefore, the important thing in active management is to consistently beat the benchmark index. This is possible for the leading managers in each asset class.

What is a benchmark index and which ones do we use?

A benchmark index is the one against which you can compare your investment, in terms of return and risk, for both an instrument and a set of instruments. At Openbank we use the following ETFs as benchmark indexes for each asset subclass:

Asset subclass Benchmark index ISIN
Money Market iShares eb.rexx® Money Market UCITS ETF (DE)  DE000A0Q4RZ9
European Public Debt iShares Core € Govt Bond UCITS ETF IE00B4WXJJ64
Global Public Debt excl. Europe iShares Global Govt Bond UCITS ETF IE00B3F81K65
Corporate Fixed Income Investment Grade Europe iShares Core € Corp Bond UCITS ETF IE00B3F81R35
Corporate Fixed Income Investment Grade USA iShares $ Corp Bond UCITS ETF IE0032895942
Corporate Fixed Income High Yield iShares Global High Yield Corp Bond UCITS ETF USD IE00B74DQ490
Fixed Income Emerging Markets iShares J.P. Morgan $ EM Bond UCITS ETF IE00B2NPKV68
Equity Europe iShares MSCI Europe UCITS ETF EUR IE00B1YZSC51
Equity North America iShares MSCI North America UCITS ETF IE00B14X4M10
Equity Japan iShares MSCI Japan UCITS ETF USD IE00B02KXH56
Equity Pacific excl. Japan iShares MSCI Pacific ex-Japan UCITS ETF USD IE00B4WXJD03
Equity Emerging Markets iShares MSCI EM UCITS ETF USD IE00B0M63177
Real Assets Bonds linked to Inflation iShares € Inflation Linked Govt Bond UCITS ETF IE00B0M62X26
Real Assets Raw Materials iShares Diversified Commodity Swap UCITS ETF (DE) DE000A0H0728
Real Assets Infrastructures iShares Global Infrastructure UCITS ETF USD IE00B1FZS467
Real Asses Real Estate Market (shares) iShares Developed Markets Property Yield UCITS ETF IE00B1FZS350


Given that the investment funds may not have sufficient historical data, the graphs have been calculated with historical data for the benchmark indexes for each of the asset subclasses. The source of the data is Thomson Reuters.